US Immigration Process for the United States 2023
The first step in the immigration process is to ensure that you are eligible to immigrate. Once you confirm that you are eligible, you must determine what type of visa you are eligible for and fill in the application. When submitting your application, pay your application fee and schedule a USCIS interview. While you wait for your interview, you should put together any documentation you will need (this depends on the type of visa you are applying for.) You will be asked to go through a biometrics process – this involves giving your fingerprints and having photographs taken for the USCIS database. Following the USCIS interview, you will find out whether you have been approved or denied entry to the U.S.
The United States has more immigrants than comparing to any other country in the world. More than 40 million people living in the United States who born in another country. United States Law of Immigration is based on the following 4 categories.
- Family Based Immigration
- Employment-Based Immigration
- Intercountry Adoption
- Diversity Visa Program
Family-Based US Immigration Process
Candidates who are seeking to live permanently in the United States can require an immigrant visa (IV). For an immigrant visa (IV) candidates need sponsorship by a relative who is at least 21 years of age and is either a U.S citizen or a green card holder.
There are 2 types of family-based immigrant visas
- Immediate Relative
- Family Preference
United States citizens can file an immigrant visa petition only for their Spouse, Son or Daughter, Parents, and Brother/Sister.
Employment-Based US Immigration Process
Approximately 140,000 Employment-Based Immigrant visas are made available to qualified every fiscal year (Oct 1st – Sep 30th) under the provisions of US immigration law. These visas are divided into five categories. Certain spouses and children may accompany or follow employment-based immigrants.
- Employment First Preference E1 ( Priority Worker and Persons of Extraordinary Ability)
- Employment Second Preference E2 ( Professionals Holding Advanced Degrees and Persons of Exceptional Ability)
- Employment Third Preference E3 (Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Unskilled Workers/Other Workers)
- Employment Fourth Preference E4 (Certain Special Immigrants)
- Employment Fifth Preference E5 (Immigrant Investors)
One of the highest priorities of the Department of State is Intercountry Adoption. Thousands of U.S. citizens adopt children from abroad. In this immigration process, you adopt a child from a country other than your own through the legal law of the country and then bring that child to your country of residence to live with you.
Diversity Visa Program
The main purpose of this program is to diversify the immigrant population in the United States, by allowing applicants mostly from countries with low rates of immigration to the U.S. in the previous five years. The immigration ACT of 1990 established the Diversity Visa Program. This program is based on a lottery system where immigration visas are available in an annual lottery.
For online submission of visa application please visit the Government’s official website of United State (usvisas.state.gov)
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